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The Humble God

He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before its shearers is dumb, so he opened not his mouth (Isaiah 53:7).

Perhaps the most stunning revelation of Christianity is the deep humility of God.  In Jesus of Nazareth, the Incarnate Word, we glimpse the meekness of the Most High. The radical messages of Christ—self-emptying, self-donation, self-sacrifice—express the innermost reality of the Triune Mystery, and allow humanity to see God in a totally new light.

The dominical teachings, summed up by the Beatitudes, are not mere rules. Jesus was not sent to give us behavioral guidelines. He was sent to actualize the love of the Father, and by this love to rescue mankind from death and darkness through obedience unto death. The words of Christ do not tell us how to be good, but how to be godlike. Thus He concludes His mountaintop sermon with this incredible charge: “Be you therefore perfect, just as your Father Who is in heaven is perfect” (Matthew 5:48).

Be you therefore perfect.  Since Jesus is the “Image of the invisible God” (Colossians 1:15), we witness the perfection of the Father in the Son. Hence we cannot excuse our failures on account of the incomprehensibility of the Divine. “He that has seen Me has seen the Father” (John 14:9). While there is obviously a dimension of God that remains forever inscrutable, we who look upon Christ look truly upon the face of the Absolute. This is the enigma of our faith.

What then does the Son tell us about the Father? First and foremost, He tells us that everything we thought about God is wrong. The mildness of Christ exposes the vanity and megalomania of our creaturely expectations. Saint Athanasius put it succinctly: “By what seems His utter poverty and weakness … He overturns the pomp and parade of idols” (On the Incarnation of the Word §1).

The reality of the Divine is totally at odds with the fantastical superman which springs into our minds when we imagine the Omnipotent.  “Learn of me, for I am meek and lowly of heart” (Matthew 11:29). The gospel subverts human notions of might and majesty on all levels.  “Let the brother of low degree rejoice in that he is exalted: but the rich, in that he is made low; because as the flower of the grass, so he shall pass away” (James 1:9-10).

This radical humility earned the contempt of Nietzsche, who could not not understand that the strength of the strongman is pitiful pretension; that it is weakness concealed by bluster; abject slavery to the passions. The prideful man is like a strong stallion . . . jockeyed by Satan. The meek man is a trembling donkey . . . soothed onward by the Prince of Peace.

The way of Christ is the way of “gentleness and freedom from anger,” explained Evagrios the Solitary. He also wrote, “Free yourself from every impassioned thought.” Indeed, the imitation of Christ depends upon the cessation of fallen desire. “Every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. Then when lust is conceived, it brings forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, brings forth death” (James 1:14-15).

The strength of God is limitless love, not coercion. The might of God is unconditional goodness, not compulsion. “You have heard that it has been said, You shall love your neighbor, and hate your enemy. But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which spitefully use you, and persecute you; that you may be the children of your Father Who is in heaven: for He makes His sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust” (Matthew 5:43-45).

Be you therefore perfect, just as your Father Who is in heaven is perfect. Do we realize what a tall order this is? Christians are called to be “partakers of the divine nature” (II Peter 1:4). Superficially, this sounds like an invitation to glory and power. In fact, it is a call to humility and service, for we worship the Crucified God, Who took pity even on demons (cf. Matthew 8:28-34).  “Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that you should follow His steps: Who did no sin, neither was guile found in His mouth: Who, when He was reviled, reviled not again; when He suffered, He threatened not; but committed Himself to Him that judges righteously” (I Peter 2:21-23).

We cannot form ourselves into the likeness of Christ independently. We require the aid of the Paraclete: “But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord” (II Corinthians 3:18). Such communion is not a mental phenomenon, but a lived relationship founded upon trust, affection, and adoration. The encounter with God is genuine when we approach Him with penitent hearts free of deceit and delusion. The heavenly face can be spied only from the Cross. This sacred heart of Jesus is impenetrable to worldly wisdom. The gospel makes no sense to those puffed-up with carnal knowledge and distracted by transient things. “Where is the wise? Where is the scribe? Where is the disputer of this world? God has made foolish the wisdom of this world” (I Corinthians 1:20).

Jesus promises us: “If a man loves Me, he will keep My words: and My Father will love him, and We will come unto him, and make Our abode with him” (John 14:23). We keep His words through imitation of His poverty and simplicity, His charity and discipline, His meekness and purity, His forgiveness and tranquility. We keep His words by finding no righteousness in our own flesh, and attributing all our spiritual progress to the fearsome toil of the Spirit.  “With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible” (Matthew 19:26).

We are so quick to call ourselves Christians. Yet who among us could say of vicious tormentors, “Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do” (Luke 23:24)? It is a question worth pondering, given that we love God only as much as we love our enemies. We loudly declare our discipleship. Yet who among us is ready to surrender himself for Jesus’ name? It is a point worth considering, given that we live in Him only by dying for Him.

Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery
to be equal with God: But made Himself of no reputation,
and took upon Him the form of a servant,
and was made in the likeness of men:
And being found in fashion as a man, He humbled Himself,
and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross (Philippians 2:5-8).


Philip Primeau is an associate editor at Catholic Lane. He also blogs at a-heart-of-flesh.blogspot.com. He may be contacted by email at philipryan.primeau@gmail.com.
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  • fishman

    Meekness and humility do not mean either feebleness or niceness ( maybe not even gentleness).

    Less we forget, we are talking about the man who fashioned a chord or ropes and chased people out of a church. And the man who stood in public and called out public figures with words like ‘you brood of vipers, you Hippocrates who told you to run from the fires of Hell? ‘

    Mind you. he could have called down fire on the ‘brood of vipers’ or utterly destroyed those violating the temple. So there is certainly great restraint and love shown in what he did do AND in what he did not do, but still i think the differences between God’s idea of Meekness and ours are well worth contemplating.

  • Theodore Kobernick

    Dear Brother Philip Primeau:
    May I regard your article as a sermon? If so, it is one of the finest, clearest, sweetest sermons ever I have read. It is a blessing. Thank you.

  • Corey Johnston

    Meekness must not be mistaken for weakness; it is power under control, like Philip’s analogy of the mule. Meekness is one of the more misunderstood virtue, being meek doesn’t mean thinking less of yourself, it means thinking of yourself less:

    “For I say, though the grace which has been given to me, to everyone who is among you, not to think more highly than he should think, but to think soberly as God has given to each of measure of faith.”-
    Romans 12: 3

    To paraphrase the aforementioned verse, it is dangerous to think of yourself more highly than you ought but it is equally dangerous to think of less of yourself than our Heavenly Father does. Meekness is to have a sober estimate of oneself.
    “Be of the same mind toward one another. Do not be proud in mind, but go along with the lowly. Do not be wise in thy own estimation.”- Romans 12: 16

    Those who reveal the meekness of the Messiah, though ridiculed and rejected by the world are tenderly regarded by the Father. For it is by emulating the meekness of the Master, we can overcome the ridicules and reproaches of the world. And the meek who would sooner endure injury than risk their souls in contention, shall inherit the earth [Matthew 5:5]. To be meek means to be submissive to the Father’s will, not proud, self-sufficient or obstinate. It is by being submissive to His will that we become Instruments of His Peace and are willing to go where He wants us to go, say what He wants us to say, do what He wants s to do, be who He wants us to be. We may cultivate this attitude by:
    “Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am meek and humble in heart, and ye shall find rest for thy beings.”- Matthew 11: 29
    For in Him we have the ultimate example of meekness.