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Divergent Trilogy Tackles Genetic Engineering and Genetic Discrimination

divergentWarning! Spoilers Ahead!!

Divergent is the latest of the teen dystopian future trilogies to hit the big screen. I have read all three books, Divergent, Insurgent, and Allegiant. Is it not my favorite trilogy in this growing genre, but I know that teens everywhere love it.

I do appreciate that Veronica Roth has tackled some of the most difficult issues that will face the younger generation. The third book, Allegiant, takes human genetic engineering and genetic discrimination head on.

Here is a little background. The trilogy begins in a walled city where everyone lives in five factions depending on their personal qualities. The Amity are all about peace and friendship. The Candor are brutally honest. The Erudite are incredibly clever. The Dauntless are risk-takers devoid of fear. And the Abnegation are selfless and driven to serve others.

If a person does not fit in one of these boxes, they are called “divergent,”, and being divergent is a dangerous prospect. The main character, Tris, is divergent. She spends the first novel trying to hide it and the second novel discovering she needs to get outside the city to see what lies beyond the walls.

In the third book, we learn why the city is set up the way it is. On the outside, Tris finds out the city is a genetic experiment to try and fix damage that was done generations ago. With typical arrogance and ignorance, human beings began to genetically alter themselves to be better. The genetic engineering was done in a germ-line fashion and had unforeseen side effects that generations later were still wreaking havoc. One character involved in running the experiment explains:

“But when the genetic manipulations began to take effect, the alterations had disastrous consequences. As it turns out, the attempt had resulted not in corrected genes, but in damaged ones,” David says. “Take away someone’s fear, or low intelligence, or dishonesty . . . and you take away their compassion. Take away someone’s aggression and you take away their motivation, or their ability to assert themselves. Take away their selfishness and you take away their sense of self-preservation. If you think about it, I’m sure you know exactly what I mean.”

I tick off each quality in my mind as he says it—fear, low intelligence, dishonesty, aggression, selfishness. He is talking about the factions. And he’s right to say that every faction loses something when it gains a virtue: the Dauntless, brave but cruel; the Erudite, intelligent but vain; the Amity, peaceful but passive; the Candor, honest but inconsiderate; the Abnegation, selfless but stifling.

The genetically damaged were isolated in the city and placed in factions in an attempt at peaceful coexistence and a chance at fixing the results of the genetic engineering. We find out that being divergent, not wholly in one faction or another, is actually a sign of genetic healing.

Outside the city is not all peaches and cream either, however. Those who still live with “genetic damage” are second class citizens, seen as lesser humans, and they are unable to hold certain jobs. Those who were not genetically engineered are considered “genetically pure,” and they run the place. It becomes clear that both the “damaged” and the “pure” are capable of great evil and great good regardless of their genetic make-up.

Roth address two important themes that today’s teens need to be thinking about. The first is the wisdom of genetically altering ourselves to be “better.” In Allegiant, we discover that the attempt goes horribly wrong and it affects generation after generation. Anyone reading this trilogy has to ask themselves if it is a road we should even begin to go down.

The second theme is one we are already grappling with: genetic discrimination. Are we defined by our genes “detective” or otherwise? Or are we more than a sequence of nucleotides? It seems clear to me that this trilogy answers “No” to the former and “Yes” to the latter.

Unfortunately there is a hint of some premarital sex in the last book, but I still want to thank Veronica Roth for tackling tough issues in biotechnology in a way young people love. I hope this trilogy gives them pause in a world that thinks science can solve any problem. I hope they see that being human is not a problem that needs to be fixed.


Rebecca Taylor is a clinical laboratory specialist in molecular biology, and a practicing pro-life Catholic who writes at the bioethics blog Mary Meets Dolly. She has been writing and speaking about Catholicism and biotechnology for six years and is a regular on Catholic radio.
  • Micha Elyi

    The main character, Tris, is divergent.

    Heh. She fits the typical “I’m secretly special and I was born that way” teen-female fantasy. There are many such stories of unearned specialness or celebrityhood. The Princess Diaries flick is a paradigm example.

    Men, keep your daughters away from such trash. Your wives too.

  • Julie

    Genetics and genetic engineering is a neat-o concept for science fiction and raises a whole slew of ethical and moral questions, making great fodder for discussions. Of course, this would have worked a lot better in this book if the author had bothered to do any research on genetics or genetic engineering at all, because the mechanics of the experiment, both in itself and the way it applies to the setup of the city, make absolutely no sense whatsoever and shows a glaring lack of understanding of the subject and a complete disregard for the very basic responsibilities of an author to research the concepts they are going to discuss in their work, particularly if it is being used as the foundation of the entire story. And, as such, the entire rationale behind the whole series is now rendered completely untenable as it is rooted in a foundation of total inaccuracy and implausibility and, frankly, nonsense. All of this is kind of moot, of course, because it is plainly obvious that the author never actually had any of this in mind when she created her dystopian world and only made this “explanation” up when she got to the last book as she realized, far too late, that her premise didn’t actually make any sense and she had written herself into a corner with a largely illogical concept. Sadly, the explanation she scrambled together at the last minute is so preposterous she would have been better off keeping her mouth shut.